Consuming water excessively can have quite a few unintended effects, together with muscle cramping from electrolyte imbalance and a rise in urine frequency. In excessive circumstances, ingesting an excessive amount of water can result in fatal water intoxication, also referred to as water toxemia, water poisoning, or hyperhydration.
“In overhydration an extra of water dilutes the electrolyte concentrations within the blood, inflicting imbalance all through the physique’s many techniques,” doctor Catherine Waldrop, M.D., tells mbg. Electrolytes, like sodium, potassium, magnesium, and calcium, are charged ions important for a lot of mobile processes. “When the focus of electrolytes within the blood is just too low, it makes practically all mobile processes much less environment friendly to just about unattainable,” she says.
The commonest electrolyte imbalance, which will be brought on by ingesting an excessive amount of water, is named hyponatremia (aka low sodium within the blood). “Delicate hyponatremia is characterised by gastrointestinal tract signs, nausea, vomiting, lack of urge for food,” one research says, whereas, extra severe circumstances end in extra water and swelling within the mind, resulting in seizures, comas, or impaired psychological standing.
This seemingly loopy phenomenon is extra widespread for folks going by intense coaching packages, together with triathlon or ultramarathon runners, members of the army, or skilled athletes. Based on the U.S. Nationwide Library of Medication, extreme thirst is also triggered by medicines like diuretics, or a symptom of excessive blood sugar.